Section A

    In this section Fill in the gap with the term that corresponds to the definition

  1. A help desk or technical worker replaces laptops for a small department.
    -A small software development team adds a new feature to an internal software application.
    -A college campus upgrades its technology infrastructure to provide wireless Internet access.

  2. FILL IN THE GAP

  3. Successful project management means meeting all three goals (scope, time, and cost) –and satisfying the project’s sponsor!

  4. FILL IN THE GAP

  5. Project managers work with project sponsors, project teams, and other people involved in projects to meet project goals.
    - Program: "A group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually."
    - Program managers oversee programs and often act as bosses for project managers.

    - PMI, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge(PMBOK Guide) (2004), p. 16.

  6. FILL IN THE GAP

  7. A cross-functional task force in a company decides what software to purchase and how it will be implemented.
    -A television network develops a system to allow viewers to vote for contestants and provide other feedback on programs.
    -A government group develops a system to track child immunizations.

  8. FILL IN THE GAP

  9. A project is a set of people and other resources temporarily assembled to reach a specified objective, normally with a fixed budget and with a fixed time period. Projects are generally associated with products or procedures that are being done for the first time or with known procedures that are being altered.

    Graham (1985) pp. 1-2 (quoted in Buchanan and Boddy)

  10. FILL IN THE GAP

    Section B

    In this section you have 4 options, select the one option that corresponds with the question stated


  11. A project is "a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result."
    -Operations is work done to sustain the business.•A project ends when its objectives have been reached, or the project has been terminated.
    -Projects can be large or small and take a short or long time to complete.

    -PMI, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge(PMBOK Guide) (2004), p. 5.


  12. - Every project is constrained in different ways by its:
    - Scopegoals: What work will be done?
    - Time goals: How long should it take to complete?
    - Cost goals: What should it cost?
    - It is the project manager’s duty to balance these three often-competing goals.


  13. Many organizations today have a new or renewed interest in project management.
    Computer hardware, software, networks, and the use of interdisciplinary and global work teams have radically changed the work environment.
    The U.S. spends $2.3 trillion on projects every year, or one-quarter its gross domestic product, and the world as a whole spends nearly $10 trillion of its $40.7 gross product on projects of all kinds.


  14. A project:
    - Has a unique purpose.
    -Is temporary.
    -Is developed using progressive elaboration.
    - Requires resources, often from various areas.
    - Should have a primary customer or sponsor.
    ‒ The project sponsor usually provides the direction and funding for the project.
    -Involves uncertainty.


  15. IT projects have a terrible track record.
    -A 1995 Standish Group study (CHAOS) found that only 16.2 percent of IT projects were successful in meeting scope, time, and cost goals.
    -Over 31 percent of IT projects were canceled before completion, costing over $81 billion in the U.S. alone.


    Section C

    In this section select the options True or False if or not the term and definition in the questions correspond


  16. Projects and project work are often contrasted with process. What is a process?•Process describes the normal day-to-day activities of an organization, while the word project is often used to describe something outside normal day-to-day work.
    - Of course, in some fields such as construction, research and software design, the normal day-to-day work is carrying out 'projects'.
    - What then is a project?
    Term: Projects and Project work


  17. Projects often appear to be mysterious: it can be difficult to define exactly, what a project is?

    To the man or woman in the average organization, the word “project” may appear to arise rather in the same way because project are diverse, and may range from one or two people making an effort over a few days or weeks to dozens or even hundreds of people working over a period of years on a specific project. WHAT IS A PROJECT?
    Term: Advantages of Using Formal Project Management


  18. Worldwide IT spending continues to grow, and Forrester Research predicts that U.S. IT spending will grow by another 5.7 percent in 2005, to reach $795 billion.
    -In 2003, the average senior project manager in the U.S. earned almost $90,000 per year, and the average Project Management Office (PMO) Director earned more than the average Chief Information Officer ($118,633 vs. $103,925).
    -The Apprentice, the number-one U.S. reality television show in 2004, portrayed the important role of project managers.

    -Butler, Steve, “IT Spending,” Analyst Views, February 2004.
    --PMI, Project Management Salary Survey, Third Edition, 2003.
    Term: What is a Project?


  19. A project is a unique venture with a beginning and an end, conducted by people to meet established goals within parameters of cost, schedule and quality.
    Buchanan and Boddy(1992) p. 8
    Term: Introduction to Project Management


  20. - Better control of financial, physical, and human resources.
    - Improved customer relations.
    - Shorter development times.
    - Lower costs.
    - Higher quality and increased reliability.
    - Higher profit margins.
    - Improved productivity.
    - Better internal coordination.
    - Higher worker morale (less stress).
    Term: What is a Project?